The Belgian Malinois, Purebred.
The shorthaired shepherd could be found in the
Antwerp and Dutch border area around the early 1900’s. These dogs were primarily found at farms where they performed
an important daily routine of guarding and protecting the farm, its livestock and its inhabitants of those willing to do harm.
The Malinois was described by Professor Dr Reul (founder of the Club Chien du Berger Belge in 1891) as follows: They have
the size of a fox or wolf, are short haired and have a fawn streamed colour, their ears are admirably straight, fine and pointed,
worn openly and pointing forward. Other traits are the pointed snout, the black nose, the well carried tail, worn almost straight
but slightly elevated at the tip, shaped not unlike a wheat stalk in its outer appearance
In 1898. In Malines/Mechelen
Belgium the Club tot Verbetering van den Kortharige Schaapshond (Club for Improvement of the Shorthaired Sheepdog) was founded.
Its purpose was to improve the types of the short haired Belgian Shepherd as it was primarily bred in the Mechelen/Malines
Until the year 1899 the Belgian Shepherds were subdivided in 3 groups. The long, short and rough haired varieties
in which the colour of the coat was of no importance. In 1899 the Club Chien du Berger Belge took a one sided decision to
divide the groups into colours without consulting with the Mechelse/Malines Club. They were divided into the following groups.
Black for longhaired, pepper and salt for rough haired and lion colour/fawn charbonné with black mask for the short haired.
The Mechelse/Malinois club called this decision a coup of sorts because they had quite the different view and idea on the
short haired shepherd.
Before anything, their dogs were to be working dogs. Not the outside of the dog was to be used as
a measure but a combination of out and inside. They prefered a well trained dog that had a strong build with a smooth and
smart appearance. Colour was a distant second in their view since they did not want the breed to turn into a luxury dog, in
which it was very likely that it would lose its unique and amazing character.
The Malinois is a quick and eager
student willing to learn. Raising a Malinois would normally not be a problem as long as the dog is raised in a consistent
manner. The Malinois is known to have a strong character and therefore needs an owner willing to provide the dog with a job
or task. If the dog is not provided with a job or task he will start to feel unhappy and will start to show inappropriate
As a pup the Malinois is in need of a good and strong socialisation in which it is introduced to different situations,
people, animals and areas. This will build a good character in the dog and ensure less problems in the dog's future. The Malinois
is good with children but should always be supervised since even the sweetest and nicest dog will at some point react if it
has had enough. (children can pull ears, poke eyes, take away toys etc etc…)
Friends and Family will be greeted
enthusiastically but do not take this for granted. The Malinois, in its very heart and nature is a guardian and protector
of its family and will act according to what the Malinois deems fit in whatever situation.
The Malinois is most suited
for any kind of dog sport or working dog venue like Obedience, Bitework, Protection, Flyball, Rally etc etc ….
They enjoy participating in these activities immensely due to their high need of both physical and mental stimulation.
A rule of thumb is: A bored Malinois is not a happy Malinois and will occupy itself to relieve its boredom by showing unwanted
behaviour and or redecorating your favourite living area. .. Orrr just take one of your faviourite possessions and have great
fun making sure it isnt very functional.
Specific traits of the Malinois:
short on the head, outside of ears and the lower limbs. Short on rest of body but fuller around the neck and tail area. At
the neck the coat appears to be a fuller and forms a wide standing collar starting at the bottom of the ear and continuing
down towards the throat. The back of the thighs are covered with longer fur feathering out towards the back. The tail appears
like a wheat stalk but does not form a so called tail feather.
Mask: With the
Malinois the mask should be very pronounced and extend to bottom and top lips, corners or mouth and eyes meaning one large
black mask without fault. For the mask there are 8 very strict visible pigmentation points. Both ears, both upper eyelids
and both upper and lower lips should be black.
Flame black (Charbonné) For the Malinois this means that the tips of the
fur are black which give the base color a shaded look. This black color should at least be flamed en is not allowed to be
visible in large blots and or streaks/stripes. Small amounts of white are allowed on the chest and or toes.
Hip and Elbow dysplasia can be found in the Malinois as well as Epilepsy.
General weight and height for a male are 30/39 - 60 66cms
General weight and height for a female are 25/30 Kilo
- 55-62 cm
The malinois does not need a lot of fur maintenance, A daily
brushing during shedding season to remove loose and dead hairs is a must but apart from that there is not much need for anything
else. If working your Malinois on grassy or soft areas only then it is wise to keep an eye on the nails to ensure they do
not grow too long